How to Use the macOS Terminal: A Beginners’ Guide
If you’re new to the macOS operating system, you might not be familiar with the Terminal. The Terminal is a command-line interface that lets you interact with your computer using text commands. This can be a powerful tool for developers, advanced users, and anyone who wants to perform tasks quickly and efficiently.
In this guide, we’ll show you how to use the Terminal on your Mac. We’ll cover the basics of the Terminal, including how to navigate directories, run commands, and customize your experience.
Getting Started with the Terminal
To launch the Terminal on your Mac, you can use Spotlight search. Press Command + Space to open Spotlight, then type “Terminal” in the search bar. Alternatively, you can find the Terminal in the Utilities folder of your Applications folder.
Once you have the Terminal open, you’ll see a window with a command prompt that looks something like this:
`username@computername ~ %`
The prompt tells you a little about your current user profile and the computer you’re using. The `~` symbol represents your home directory or the place on your computer where your files are stored.
To navigate directories in the Terminal, you’ll use basic text commands. Start by typing `ls` to list all the files and directories in the current directory. You can then use the `cd` command to change to a different directory.
For example, if you want to navigate to the Documents folder in your home directory, type:
You can also use the `cd ..` command to navigate up one level in the directory hierarchy.
The Terminal is an excellent tool for running commands that automate tasks on your Mac. For example, you can use the `open` command to open a file or application from the Terminal. Here’s how it works:
This command will open the Safari web browser on your Mac. You can also use the `open` command to open a file with a specific application. For example:
`open mydocument.docx -a “Microsoft Word”`
This command will open the file “mydocument.docx” with Microsoft Word.
Customizing Your Terminal Experience
The Terminal is a powerful tool, but it can also be customized to meet your needs. For example, you can change the appearance of the Terminal by adjusting font size, color schemes, and more.
To access the Terminal Preferences, go to the Terminal menu and select Preferences. From here, you can choose from a variety of options to customize your Terminal experience.
The Terminal can be a powerful tool for advanced users, developers, and anyone who wants to interact with their Mac using text commands. With the basic skills covered in this guide, you’ll be well on your way to mastering the Terminal and becoming a more efficient computer user.