How to Set Up and Use SSH in Linux
Setting up and using SSH in Linux is a convenient way to remotely access and manage your server or computer securely through an encrypted connection. SSH, which stands for Secure Shell, is a network protocol that allows you to establish a secure connection with another device over an unsecured network, such as the Internet. In this article, we will guide you through the process of setting up and using SSH in Linux.
Step 1: Install OpenSSH server
The first step is to install the OpenSSH server on your Linux machine. Open a terminal window and type the following command:
sudo apt-get install openssh-server
This command will download and install the OpenSSH server on your system.
Step 2: Configure SSH
Once the installation is complete, you need to configure the SSH server. Open the SSH configuration file by running the command:
sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config
You can modify the configuration options based on your requirements, but here are some essential settings that you should consider:
– Change the default port number (22) to a custom port to avoid attacks from automated bots: Port 2222 (or any other port above 1024)
– Disable root login for security reasons: PermitRootLogin no
– Allow only specific users to log in remotely: AllowUsers yourusername
After making changes, save and exit the file by pressing Ctrl+X, then Y, and Enter.
Step 3: Restart SSH
After changing the SSH configuration, you need to restart the SSH server by running the command:
sudo service ssh restart
Step 4: Connect to SSH
To connect to the SSH server from a remote device, you need to have an SSH client installed. Most Linux distributions come with the SSH client pre-installed, but you can install it manually by running the command:
sudo apt-get install openssh-client
To connect to the SSH server, open a terminal window on the remote device and run the command:
ssh yourusername@your_ip_address -p 2222
Replace yourusername with your Linux username and your_ip_address with your Linux machine’s IP address. If you changed the default port number, add the -p option followed by your custom port number.
Step 5: Use SSH commands
Once you establish an SSH connection, you can run commands on the remote Linux machine by typing them in the terminal window. Here are some useful SSH commands:
– ls: List the contents of the current directory
– cd directory: Change the current directory
– mkdir directory: Create a new directory
– rm filename: Remove a file
– cp source destination: Copy a file from source to destination
– scp file yourusername@your_ip_address:/path/to/destination: Copy a file from the local machine to the remote machine securely
– exit: Close the SSH connection
Setting up and using SSH in Linux is a simple process that provides a secure way to remotely access and manage your Linux machine. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can establish a secure connection between your local and remote Linux machines and use SSH commands to perform tasks remotely.